The Trivium & Classical Tools

 Phonics (Pre-Polly) Grammar (Poll-Parrot) Logic/Dialetic (Pert) Rhetoric (Poetic)
 Kindergarten-Grade 2  Grades 3-5  Grades 7-9  Grades 10-12
 Typical Ages:  4-8  Typical ages:  9-11  Typical ages:  12-14  Typical ages:  15-18
Student Characteristics: Student Characteristics: Student Characteristics: Student Characteristics:
  •  Obviously excited about learning
  • Enjoys games, stories, songs, projects
  • Short attention span
  • Very sensory (wants to touch, taste, smell, see)
  • Imaginative and creative
  • Excited about new, interesting facts
  • Likes to explain, figure out, talk
  • Wants to relate topic to their own experiences
  • Likes collections and organizing items
  • Likes clever chants and rhymes
  • Easily memorizes
  • Can assimilate another language well
  • Still excitable but needs challenges
  • Critical, enjoys debate
  • Likes to organize items
  • Shows off knowledge
  • Wants to know “behind the scenes” facts
  • Curious about why for most things
  • Acts as though they are more knowledgeable than adults
  • Concerned with present events, especially related to their own lives
  • Idealistic, interested in justice and fairness
  • Moving toward special interests or topics
  • Can synthesize and do more independent work
  • Desires to express feelings, own ideas
  • Concerned with how others view them
Classical Teaching Tools: Classical Teaching Tools: Classical Teaching Tools: Classical Teaching Tools:
guided discovery:  explore, find; using lots of tactile items; sing; play games; chant; recite; color, draw, paint; build; use body movements; short creative projects; show and tell; hear, read, tell stories; field trips lots of hands-on work, projects; field trips; drama; make collections, displays, models; integrate subjects through above means; teach and assign research projects; recitations, memorization; drills, games time lines, charts, maps (visual materials); debates, persuasive reports; drama, re-enactments, role playing; evaluate and critique (with guidelines); formal logic; research projects; oral/written presentations; guest speakers, trips drama, oral presentations; guide research in major areas with goal of synthesis of ideas; many papers, speeches, debates; give responsibilities, example:  working with younger students, organize activities; in-depth field trips, even overnight; worldview discussions

website designed and created by 925CONCEPTS